1246: Henry Raspe is elected anti-king by the Rhenish prelates in France.
1455: King Henry VI is taken prisoner by the Yorkists at the Battle of St. Albans, during the War of the Roses.
1856: U.S. congressman Preston Brooks of South Carolina beats Sen. Charles Sumner with a cane for Sumner’s earlier condemnation of slavery, which included an insult to Brooks’ cousin, Sen. Andrew Butler.
1863: Union Gen. Ulysses S. Grant’s second attack on Vicksburg fails and a siege begins.
1868: The “Great Train Robbery” takes place as seven members of the Reno Gang make off with $98,000 in cash from a train’s safe in Indiana.
1872: The Amnesty Act restores civil rights to Southerners.
1882: The United States formally recognizes Korea.
1908: The Wright brothers register their flying machine for a U.S. patent.
1939: Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini sign a “Pact of Steel” forming the Axis powers.
1947: The Truman Doctrine brings aid to Turkey and Greece.
1967: The children’s program “Mister Rogers’ Neighborhood” premiers.
1972: Ceylon becomes the Republic of Sri Lanka as its constitution is ratified.
1985: Baseball player Pete Rose passes Hank Aaron as National League run scoring leader with 2,108.
1990: In the Middle East, North and South Yemen merge to become a single state.
1992: Johnny Carson’s makes his final appearance on “The Tonight Show” on NBC, after 30 years as the program’s host.
2004: “Fahrenheit 9-11,” directed by Michael Moore, becomes the first documentary ever to win the Palme d’Or at the Cannes Film Festival.
2004: An EF4 tornado with a record-setting width of 2.5 miles wipes out Hallam, Nebraska, killing one person.
2010: Following a 200-year search for the tomb of Polish astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus, his remains are reburied in Frombork Cathedral
2011: An EF5 tornado kills at least 158 people in Joplin, Missouri, the largest death toll from a tornado since record-keeping began in 1950.
2015: The Republic of Ireland, long known as a conservative, predominantly Catholic country, becomes the first nation in the world to legalize gay marriage in a public referendum.
Born on May 22
1813: Richard Wagner, German composer.
1828: Albrecht von Graefe, German eye surgeon, founder of modern opthamology.
1844: Mary Cassatt, impressionist painter.
1859: Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, author, creator of the Sherlock Holmes series.
1907: Sir Laurence Olivier, actor.
1920: Thomas Gold, astronomer.
1927: Peter Matthiessen, writer.
1928: T. Boone Pickens, oil magnate and financier who developed a reputation as a corporate raider in the 1980s.
1930L Harvey Milk, one of the first openly gay politicians to win public office in the United States, a seat on the San Francisco Board of Supervisors in 1977.
1942: Theodore “Ted” Kaczynski, infamous as the Unabomber terrorist.
1943: Betty Williams, Northern Irish political activist who won the Nobel Peace Prize.