July 9

118: Hadrian, Rome’s new emperor, makes his entry into the city.

455: Avitus, the Roman military commander in Gaul, becomes emperor of the west.

1553: Maurice of Saxony is mortally wounded at Sievershausen, Germany, while defeating Albert of Brandenburg-Kulmbach.

1609: Emperor Rudolf II grants Bohemia freedom of worship.

1755: Gen. Edward Braddock is killed by French and Indian troops.

1789: In Versailles, the French National Assembly declares itself the Constituent Assembly and begins to prepare a French constitution.

1790: The Swedish navy captures one third of the Russian fleet at the Battle of Svensksund in the Baltic Sea.

1850: U.S. President Zachary Taylor dies in office at the age of 65. He is succeeded by Millard Fillmore.

1861: Confederate cavalry led by John Morgan captures Tompkinsville, Kentucky.

1900: The Commonwealth of Australia is established by an act of British Parliament, uniting the separate colonies under a federal government.

1942: Anne Frank and her family go into hiding in the attic above her father’s office in an Amsterdam warehouse.

1943: American and British forces make an amphibious landing on Sicily.

1971: The United States turns over complete responsibility of the Demilitarized Zone to South Vietnamese units.

Born on July 9

1764: Ann Radcliffe, English novelist.

1819: Elias Howe, inventor of the sewing machine.

1858: Franz Boas, anthropologist.

1887: Samuel Eliot Morison, biographer and historian.

1894: Dorothy Thompson, journalist, writer and radio commentator.

1908: Minor White, abstract photographer.

1926: Mathilde Krim, geneticist, founder of the AIDS foundation.

1933: Oliver Sachs, neurologist and author (“Awakenings”).

1936: June Jordan, poet and author.

1937: David Hockney, painter.

Johnson Newspapers 7.1

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