118: Hadrian, Rome’s new emperor, makes his entry into the city.
455: Avitus, the Roman military commander in Gaul, becomes emperor of the west.
1553: Maurice of Saxony is mortally wounded at Sievershausen, Germany, while defeating Albert of Brandenburg-Kulmbach.
1609: Emperor Rudolf II grants Bohemia freedom of worship.
1755: Gen. Edward Braddock is killed by French and Indian troops.
1789: In Versailles, the French National Assembly declares itself the Constituent Assembly and begins to prepare a French constitution.
1790: The Swedish navy captures one third of the Russian fleet at the Battle of Svensksund in the Baltic Sea.
1850: U.S. President Zachary Taylor dies in office at the age of 65. He is succeeded by Millard Fillmore.
1861: Confederate cavalry led by John Morgan captures Tompkinsville, Kentucky.
1900: The Commonwealth of Australia is established by an act of British Parliament, uniting the separate colonies under a federal government.
1942: Anne Frank and her family go into hiding in the attic above her father’s office in an Amsterdam warehouse.
1943: American and British forces make an amphibious landing on Sicily.
1971: The United States turns over complete responsibility of the Demilitarized Zone to South Vietnamese units.
Born on July 9
1764: Ann Radcliffe, English novelist.
1819: Elias Howe, inventor of the sewing machine.
1858: Franz Boas, anthropologist.
1887: Samuel Eliot Morison, biographer and historian.
1894: Dorothy Thompson, journalist, writer and radio commentator.
1908: Minor White, abstract photographer.
1926: Mathilde Krim, geneticist, founder of the AIDS foundation.
1933: Oliver Sachs, neurologist and author (“Awakenings”).
1936: June Jordan, poet and author.
1937: David Hockney, painter.