May 23

1430: Burgundians capture Joan of Arc and sell her to the English.

1533: Henry VIII’s marriage to Catherine of Aragon is declared null and void.

1618: The Thirty Years War begins.

1701: Capt. William Kidd, the Scottish pirate, is hanged on the banks of the Thames.

1785: Benjamin Franklin announces his invention of bifocals.

1788: South Carolina becomes the eighth state to ratify the U.S. Constitution.

1861: Pro-Union and pro-Confederate forces clash in western Virginia.

1862: Confederate Gen. Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson takes Front Royal, Virginia.

1864: Union Gen. Ulysses Grant attempts to outflank Confederate Robert E. Lee in the Battle of North Anna, Virginia.

1900: Civil War hero Sgt. William H. Carney becomes the first African American to receive the Medal of Honor, 37 years after the Battle of Fort Wagner.

1915: Italy declares war on Austria-Hungary.

1934: Gangsters Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow are killed by Texas Rangers.

1945: Heinrich Himmler, the head of the Nazi Gestapo, commits suicide after being captured by Allied forces.

1949: The Federal Republic of West Germany is proclaimed.

1960: Israel announces the capture of Nazi Adolf Eichmann in Argentina.

Born on May 23

1707: Carl Linnaeus [Carl von Linné], Swedish botanist.

1734: Friedrich Anton Mesmer, physician and hypnotist.

1810: Margaret Fuller, writer and critic.

1820: James Buchanan Eads, engineer of the Eads Bridge in St. Louis

1875: Alfred P. Sloan Jr., president and chairman of the board for General Motors.

1891: Par Lagerkvist, Swedish writer (“The Dwarf,” “Barabbas”).

1908: John Bardeen, physicist, co-inventor of the transistor.

1910: Artie Shaw, bandleader and clarinetist.

1920: Helen O’Connell, big band vocalist.

1928: Rosemary Clooney, singer.

1934: Robert A. Moog, electrical engineer, creator of the Moog synthesizer.

1947: Jane Kenyon, poet (“Let Evening Come,” “Otherwise”).

Johnson Newspapers 7.1

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