1504: Michelangelo’s 13-foot marble statue of David is unveiled in Florence, Italy.
1529: The Ottoman Sultan Suleiman re-enters Budapest and establishes John Zapolya as the puppet king of Hungary.
1565: Spanish explorers found St. Augustine, Florida, the first permanent European settlement in what is now the United States.
1628: John Endecott arrives with colonists at Salem, Massachusetts, where he will become the governor.
1644: The Dutch colony of New Amsterdam surrenders to the British fleet that sails into its harbor. Five years later, the British change the name to New York.
1755: British forces under William Johnson defeat the French and the Indians at the Battle of Lake George.
1760: The French surrender the city of Montreal to the British.
1845: A French column surrenders at Sidi Brahim in the Algerian War.
1863: Confederate Lt. Dick Dowling thwarts a Union naval landing at Sabine Pass, northeast of Galveston, Texas.
1903: Between 30,000 and 50,000 Bulgarian men, women and children are massacred in Monastir by Turkish troops seeking to check a threatened Macedonian uprising.
1906: Robert Turner invents the automatic typewriter return carriage.
1915: Germany begins a new offensive in Argonne on the Western Front.
1921: Margaret Gorman of Washington, D.C., is named the first Miss America.
1925: Germany is admitted into the League of Nations.
1935: Sen. Huey Long of Louisiana is shot to death in the state capitol, allegedly by Dr. Carl Austin Weiss Jr.
1944: Germany’s V-2 offensive against England begins.
1945: Korea is partitioned by the Soviet Union and the United States.
1951: Japanese representatives sign a peace treaty in San Francisco.
1955: The United States, Australia, France, Great Britain, New Zealand, the Philippines, Pakistan and Thailand sign the mutual defense treaty that established the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO).
1960: President Dwight Eisenhower dedicates NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama.
1960: Penguin Books in Britain is charged with obscenity for trying to publish the D.H. Lawrence novel “Lady Chatterley’s Lover.”
1971: The Kennedy Center opens in Washington, D.C., with a performance of Leonard Bernstein’s “Mass.”
1974: President Gerald Ford pardons former President Richard M. Nixon for any crimes arising from the Watergate scandal he may have committed while in office.
1988: Wildfires in Yellowstone National Park in the U.S., the world’s first national park, force evacuation of the historic Old Faithful Inn; visitors and employees evacuate but the inn is saved.
1991: Voters overwhelmingly approve a referendum to form the Republic of Macedonia, independent of Yugoslavia.
1994: USAir Flight 427 crashes on approach to Pittsburgh International Airport, killing all 132 people aboard; the subsequent investigation leads to changes in manufacturing practices and pilot training.
Born on September 8
1841: Antonin Dvorak, composer and violinist.
1886: Siegfried Sassoon, British author and poet famous for his anti-war writing about World War I.
1889: Robert A. Taft, U.S. senator from Ohio who unsuccessfully sought the presidential nomination from the 1940s until 1952.
1900: Claude Pepper, Democratic senator and congressman from Florida, champion of senior citizens rights.
1922: Sid Caesar, comedian and television star, best known for “Your Show of Shows,” and “The Sid Caesar Show.”
1925: Peter Sellers, English comic actor, famous for his role as Inspector Clouseau.
1932: Patsy Cline, country singer (“Crazy”, “I Fall to Pieces”).
1933: Michael Frayn, playwright (“A Very Private Life,” “Noises Off”).
1947: Ann Beattie, writer (“Chilly Scenes of Winter,” “Picturing Will”).
1954: Michael Shermer, founder of The Skeptics Society and editor of Skeptic magazine.
1954: Anne Diamond, journalist, TV host (“Good Morning Britain”) social activist; led Back to Sleep campaign that drastically reduced the number of cot deaths (Sudden Infant Death Syndrome) among U.K. infants.
1963: Brad Silberling, screenwriter, director (“City of Angels”); wrote and directed “Moonlight Mile” (2002) based on the murder of his girlfriend, actress Rebecca Schaeffer, by a stalker.
1970: Yuji Nishizawa, hijacked All Nippon Airways flight, July 23, 1999.
1971: Martin Freeman, actor (“The Office” BBC Two TV series; Bilbo Baggins in “The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey”).
1979: Pink (Alecia Beth Moore), multiple award-winning singer, including three Grammys (“Lady Marmalade,” “Trouble,” “Imagine.”)