1486: Henry VII marries Elizabeth of York.
1701: Frederick III, the elector of Brandenburg, becomes king of Prussia.
1778: Capt. James Cook discovers the Hawaiian Islands, naming them the ‘Sandwich Islands’ after the First Lord of the Admiralty, Lord Sandwich.
1836: Jim Bowie arrives at the Alamo to assist its Texas defenders.
1862: John Tyler, former president of the U.S., is buried at Hollywood Cemetery in Richmond.
1902: The Isthmus Canal Commission in Washington shifts its support from Nicaragua to Panama as a favored canal site.
1910: Aviator Eugene Ely performs his first successful take off and landing from a ship in San Francisco.
1916: The Russians force the Turkish 3rd Army back to Erzurum.
1942: Gen. Douglas MacArthur repels the Japanese in Bataan. The United States takes the lead in the Far East war criminal trials.
1945: The German army launches its second attempt to relieve the besieged city of Budapest from the advancing Red Army.
1948: Mohandas Gandhi breaks a 121-hour fast after halting Muslim-Hindu riots.
1962: The United States begins spraying foliage with herbicides in South Vietnam in order to reveal the whereabouts of Vietcong guerrillas.
1964: Plans are disclosed for the World Trade Center in New York.
1978: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) isolate the cause of Legionnaire’s disease.
1991: Iraq starts firing Scud missiles at Israeli cities.
Born on January 18
1782: Daniel Webster, congressman from New Hampshire, Massachusetts senator, and secretary of state before the Civil War.
1813: Joseph Glidden, inventor.
1858: Daniel Hale Williams, physician who performed the first open heart surgery, founder of Chicago’s Provident Hospital.
1882: A.A. [Alan Alexander] Milne, novelist, humorist and journalist (“Winnie the Pooh”).
1892: Oliver Hardy, film comedian, one half of Laurel and Hardy.
1904: Cary Grant, U.S. film actor (“Gunga Din,” “Bringing Up Baby,” “The Philadelphia Story,” “North by Northwest”).