644: Umar of Arabia is assassinated at Medina and is succeeded as caliph by Uthman.
1493: Christopher Columbus discovers Guadeloupe during his second expedition.
1677: William III and Mary of England wed on William’s birthday.
1760: Following the Russian capture of Berlin, Frederick II of Prussia defeats the Austrians at the Battle of Torgau.
1791: Gen. Arthur St. Clair, governor of Northwest Territory, is badly defeated by a large Indian army near Fort Wayne.
1798: Congress agrees to pay a yearly tribute to Tripoli, considering it the only way to protect U.S. shipping.
1842: Abraham Lincoln marries Mary Todd in Springfield, Illinois.
1854: Florence Nightingale and her nurses arrive in the Crimea.
1863: From the main Confederate Army at Chattanooga, Tennessee, Lt. Gen. James Longstreet’s troops are sent northeast to besiege Knoxville.
1918: Austria signs an armistice with the Allies.
1922: The entrance to King Tut’s tomb is discovered.
1922: The U.S. postmaster general orders all homes to get mailboxes or relinquish delivery of mail.
1924: Nellie Tayloe Ross and Miriam Ferguson are elected first and second women governors (Wyoming and Texas).
1924: Calvin Coolidge is elected 30th president of the United States.
1946: The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) is established.
1952: Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower is elected 34th president of the United States.
1956: Russian troops attack Budapest, Hungary.
1979: At the American Embassy in Teheran, Iran, 90 people, including 63 Americans, are taken hostage by militant student followers of Ayatollah Khomeini. The students demand the return of Shah Mohammad Reza Pablavi, who is undergoing medical treatment in New York City.
1980: Ronald Reagan is elected the 40th president of the United States.
1992: Carol Moseley Braun becomes the first African American woman to be elected to the U.S. Senate.
1995: Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin is assassinated at a peace rally in Tel Aviv.
2008: Sen. Barack Obama of Illinois elected 44th president of the United States, the first African American to hold that position.
Born on November 4
1650: William III, prince of Orange, later king of England, Scotland and Ireland.
1879: Will Rogers, American actor and writer.
1916: Ruth Handler, businesswoman, toy designer who co-founded Mattel with her husband and created the Barbie doll.
1916: Walter Cronkite, reporter and news anchor for “CBS News”; dubbed “The Most Trusted Man in America.”
1916: John Basilone, U.S. Marine who received the Medal of Honor for his actions in the Pacific Theater of World War II.
1918: Art Carney, actor; best known for playing Ed Norton, sidekick to Jackie Gleason’s Ralph Kramden on the TV series “The Honeymooners,” he received an Academy Award for Best Actor for his starring role in the film “Harry and Tonto.”
1923: Eugene Sledge, U.S. Marine, famous for his memoir of the fighting in the Pacific Theater, “With the Old Breed.”
1933: Sir Charles Kuen Kao, Chinese-born physicist known as the “Father of Fiber Optics” and the “Godfather of Broadband”; he shared the 2009 Nobel Prize for Physics.
1946: Laura Welch Bush, wife of U.S. President George W. Bush, she served as first lady from 2001 to 2009; she used her position to champion education and literacy.
1961: Jeff Probst, game show host and executive producer, best known as the host of the U.S. version the reality show “Survivor.”
1969: Sean Combs, rapper, record producer, actor; at various times used the stage names Puff Daddy, P. Diddy and Diddy. He won three Grammys and two MTV Video Music Awards.