1236: Ferdinand III of Castile and Leon takes Cordoba in Spain.
1652: Massachusetts declares itself an independent commonwealth.
1767: The British parliament passes the Townshend Revenue Act, levying taxes on America.
1862: Union forces, falling back from Richmond, fight at the Battle of Savage’s Station.
1880: France annexes Tahiti.
1888: Professor Frederick Treves performs the first appendectomy in England.
1903: The British government officially protests Belgian atrocities in the Congo.
1905: Russian troops intervene as riots erupt in ports all over the country, leaving many ships looted.
1917: Ukraine proclaims independence from Russia.
1925: An earthquake ravages Santa Barbara, California.
1926: Fascists in Rome add an hour to the work day in an economic efficiency measure.
1932: Siam’s army seizes Bangkok and announces an end to the absolute monarchy.
1938: Mesa Verde National Park, Colorado, and Olympic National Park, Washington, are founded.
1950: President Harry S. Truman authorizes a sea blockade of Korea.
1951: The United States invites the Soviet Union to the Korean peace talks on a ship in Wonsan Harbor.
1955: The Soviet Union sends tanks to Poznan, Poland, to put down anti-Communist demonstrations.
1966: The U.S. Air Force bombs fuel storage facilities near Hanoi, North Vietnam.
1967: Israel removes barricades, re-unifying Jerusalem.
1970: U.S. troops pull out of Cambodia.
1982: Israel invades Lebanon.
Born on June 29
1858: George Washington Goethals, engineer of the Panama Canal.
1861: William James Mayo, co-founder of the Mayo Clinic in Minnesota.
1865: William E. Borah, Republican senator from Idaho, opponent of the League of Nations.
1886: James Van Der Zee, African American photographer.
1900: Antoine de Saint-Exupery, aviator and writer.
1910: Frank Loesser, songwriter.
1930: Oriana Fallaci, Italian journalist.
1941: Stokely Carmichael, African American civil rights leader.