1743: English King George II defeats the French at Dettingen, Bavaria.
1833: Prudence Crandall, a white woman, is arrested for conducting an academy for black women in Canterbury, Connecticutt.
1862: Confederates break through the Union lines at the Battle of Gaines’ Mill –– the third engagement of the Seven Days’ campaign.
1864: Gen. William Sherman is repulsed by Confederates at the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain.
1871: The yen becomes the new form of currency in Japan.
1905: The crew of the Russian battleship Potemkin mutinies.
1918: Two German pilots are saved by parachutes for the first time.
1923: Yugoslav Premier Nikola Pachitch is wounded by Serb attackers in Belgrade.
1924: Democrats offer Lena Springs the vice presidential nomination, the first woman considered for the job.
1927: The U.S. Marines adopt the English bulldog as their mascot.
1929: Scientists at Bell Laboratories in New York reveal a system for transmitting television pictures.
1942: The Allied convoy PQ-17 leaves Iceland for Murmansk and Archangel.
1944: Allied forces capture the port city of Cherbourg, France.
1950: The UN Security Council calls on members for troops to aid South Korea.
1963: Henry Cabot Lodge is appointed U.S. ambassador to South Vietnam.
1973: President Richard Nixon vetoes a Senate ban on the Cambodia bombing.
1985: The U.S. House of Representatives votes to limit the use of combat troops in Nicaragua.
Born on June 27
1462: Louis XII, king of France (1498-1515).
1682: Charles XII, king of Sweden (1697-1718).
1869: Emma Goldman, Lithuanian-born American anarchist, feminist and birth control advocate.
1872: Paul Laurence Dunbar, African American poet and writer.
1880: Helen Keller, American educator.
1888: Antoinette Perry, actress and director, namesake of the “Tony” Awards.
1913: Richard Bissell, novelist and playwright.
1913: Willie Mosconi, professional billiards player.
1920: I.A.L. Diamond, screenwriter.
1926: Frank O’Hara, American poet.
1927: Bob Keeshan, American television actor, best known as “Captain Kangaroo.”
1953: Alice McDermott, writer (“That Night,” “At Weddings and Wakes”).