December 9

536: Having captured Naples earlier in the year, Belisarius takes Rome.

1861: The U.S. Senate approves establishment of a committee that would become the Joint Committee on the Conduct of War.

1863: Maj. Gen. John G. Foster replaces Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside as commander of the Department of Ohio.

1867: The capital of Colorado Territory is moved from Golden to Denver.

1872: P.B.S. Pinchback becomes the first African-American governor of Louisiana.

1900: The Russian czar rejects Boer Paul Kruger’s pleas for aid in South Africa against the British.

1908: A child labor bill passes in the German Reichstag, forbidding work for children under age 13.

1917: The new Finnish Republic demands the withdrawal of Russian troops.

1940: The British army seizes 1,000 Italians in a sudden thrust in Egypt.

1941: Franklin D. Roosevelt tells Americans to plan for a long war.

1948: The United States abandons a plan to de-concentrate industry in Japan.

1949: The United Nations takes trusteeship over Jerusalem.

1950: Harry Gold gets 30 years imprisonment for passing atomic bomb secrets to the Soviet Union during World War II.

1950: President Harry Truman bans U.S. exports to Communist China.

1955: Sugar Ray Robinson knocks out Carl Olson to regain the world middleweight boxing title.

1960: The Laos government flees to Cambodia as the capital city of Vientiane is engulfed in war.

1990: Lech Walesa is elected president of Poland.

1992: U.S. Marines land in Somalia to ensure food and medicine reaches the deprived areas of that country.

2008: Governor of Illinois Rod Blagojevich is arrested on federal charges, including an attempt to sell the U.S. Senate seat being vacated by President-elect Barack Obama.

Born on December 9

1608: John Milton, British writer and poet (“Paradise Lost”).

1809: William Barret Travis, commander of the Texas troops at the battle of the Alamo.

1848: Joel Chandler Harris, writer, creator of the Uncle Remus tales.

1899: Jean de Brunhoff, illustrator and author, creator of the Babar series of books.

1906: Grace Hopper, mathematician and computer pioneer.

1912: Thomas P. “Tip” O’Neill, speaker of the House of Representatives.

1918: Kirk Douglas, American actor (“Spartacus”).

1919: William Lipscomb, chemist; awarded Nobel Prize in 1976.

1922: Redd Foxx (John Sanford), comedian, actor; best known for his starring role in the TV series “Sanford and Son.”

1926: Henry Kendall, particle physicist; shared Nobel Prize in 1990.

1928: Dick Van Patten, actor; best known for his role on the TV series “Eight is Enough.”

1929: John Cassavetes, actor (“The Dirty Dozen”), film director, screenwriter (“Faces”).

1932: Billy Edd Wheeler, singer, songwriter (“Jackson,” “Coward of the County”).

1934: Judi Dench (Dame Judith Dench), actress; known to James Bond fans for her role as M in Bond films beginning with “Golden Eye” (1997), her many awards include an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress (“Chocolat,” 2000).

1942: Dick Butkus, pro football player; inducted into Pro Football Hall of Fame, 1979.

1953: John Malkovich, actor (“Places in the Heart”), producer (“Juno”), director, fashion designer.

1963:

Masako, crown princess of Japan, wife of Crown Prince Naruhito, heir apparent to the Chrysanthemum Throne.

Johnson Newspapers 7.1

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