1620: The Pilgrims sail from England on the Mayflower.
1668: King John Casimer V of Poland abdicates the throne.
1747: The French capture Bergen-op-Zoom, consolidating their occupation of Austrian Flanders in the Netherlands.
1789: Jean-Paul Marat sets up a new newspaper in France, L’Ami du Peuple.
1810: A revolution for independence breaks out in Mexico.
1864: Confederate Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest leads 4,500 men out of Verona, Mississippi, to harass Union outposts in northern Alabama and Tennessee.
1889: Robert Younger, in Minnesota’s Stillwater Penitentiary for life, dies of tuberculosis. Brothers Cole and James remain in the prison.
1893: Some 50,000 “Sooners” claim land in the Cherokee Strip during the first day of the Oklahoma land rush.
1908: General Motors files papers of incorporation.
1920: Thirty people are killed in a terrorist bombing in New York’s Wall Street financial district.
1934: Anti-Nazi Lutherans stage protest in Munich.
1940: Congress passes the Selective Service Act, which calls for the first peacetime draft in U.S. history.
1942: The Japanese base at Kiska in the Aleutian Islands is raided by American bombers.
1945: Japan surrenders Hong Kong to Britain.
1950: The U.S. 8th Army breaks out of the Pusan Perimeter in South Korea and begins heading north to meet Gen. Douglas MacArthur’s troops heading south from Inchon.
1972: South Vietnamese troops recapture Quang Tri province in South Vietnam from the North Vietnamese army.
1974: Limited amnesty is offered to Vietnam-era draft resisters who would now swear allegiance to the United States and perform two years of public service.
1975: Administrators for the Rhodes Scholarships announce the decision to begin offering fellowships to women.
1978: An earthquake estimated to be as strong as 7.9 on the Richter scale kills 25,000 people in Iran.
1991: The trial of Manuel Noriega, deposed dictator of Panama, begins in the United States.
1994: Britain’s government lifts the 1988 broadcasting ban against members of Ireland’s Sinn Fein and Irish paramilitary groups.
2007: Military contractors in the employ of Blackwater Worldwide allegedly kill 17 Iraqis in Baghdad’s Nisour Square, further straining relations between the U.S. and the people of Iraq.
Born on September 16
1838: James J. Hill, railroad builder.
1875: James Cash Penney, founder and owner of the J.C. Penny Company department stores.
1885: Karen Horney, psychoanalyst who exposed the male bias in the Freudian analysis of women.
1891: Karl Doenitz, German admiral who succeeded Adolf Hitler in governing Germany.
1893: Albert Szent-Gyorgyi, biochemist who isolated vitamin C.
1925: Charlie Byrd, jazz guitarist.
1925: B.B. King, blues guitarist.
1926: John Knowles, writer; won first-ever William Faulkner Foundation Award (“A Separate Peace,” 1961).
1927: Peter Falk, actor, best known for his role as detective Columbo in the TV series of the same name.
1943: James Alan McPherson, author; first African American to win Pulitzer Prize for fiction (“Elbow Room,” 1978).
1948: Rosemary Casals, pro tennis player whose efforts to gain greater equality for women in the sport led to many changes.
1950: Henry Louis Gates Jr., critic and scholar.
1952: Mickey Rourke, actor, screenwriter, professional boxer; won Golden Globe (“The Wrestler,” 2009).
1954: Earl Klugh, jazz guitarist.
1956: David Copperfield, magician.