1219: The port of Damietta falls to the Crusaders after a siege.
1556: Emperor Akbar defeats the Hindus at Panipat and secures control of the Mogul Empire.
1605: Guy Fawkes is betrayed and arrested in an attempt to blow up the British Parliament in the “Gunpowder Plot.” Ever since, England has celebrated Guy Fawkes Day.
1653: The Iroquois League signs a peace treaty with the French, vowing not to wage war with other tribes under French protection.
1757: Frederick II of Prussia defeats the French at Rosbach in the Seven Years War.
1768: William Johnson, the northern Indian Commissioner, signs a treaty with the Iroquois Indians to acquire much of the land between the Tennessee and Ohio rivers for future settlement.
1814: Having decided to abandon the Niagara frontier, the American army blows up Fort Erie.
1840: Afghanistan surrenders to the British army.
1854: British and French defeat the Russians at Inkerman, Crimea.
1862: President Abraham Lincoln relieves Gen. George McClellan of command of the Union armies and names Maj. Gen. Ambrose Burnside commander of the Army of the Potomac.
1872: Susan B. Anthony is arrested for trying to vote.
1911: Calbraith P. Rodgers ends the first transcontinental flight –– 49 days from New York to Pasadena, California.
1912: Woodrow Wilson is elected 28th president of the United States.
1914: France and Great Britain declare war on Turkey.
1917: Gen. John Pershing leads U.S. troops into the first American action against German forces.
1930: Sinclair Lewis becomes the first American to win a Nobel Prize in Literature for his novel “Babbit.”
1935: Parker Brothers company launches “Monopoly,” a game of real estate and capitalism.
1940: President Franklin D. Roosevelt is re-elected for third term.
1968: Shirley Chisholm of Brooklyn, New York, becomes the first elected African American woman to serve in the House of Representatives.
1968: Richard Nixon is elected 37th president of the United States.
1995: Andre Dallaire’s attempt to assassinate Canadian Prime Minister Jean Chretien is foiled when the minister’s wife locks the door.
2003: Gary Ridgway, known as the Green River Killer, pleads guilty to 48 counts of murder.
2006: Former president of Iraq Saddam Hussein, along with Barzan Ibrahim al-Tikriti and Awad Hamed al-Bandar, is sentenced to death for the massacre of 148 Shi’a Muslims in 1982.
2007: Chang’e 1, China’s first lunar satellite, begins its orbit of the moon.
2009: The deadliest mass shooting at a U.S. military installation occurs at Fort Hood, Texas, when U.S. Army Maj. Nidal Malik Hasan kills 13 and wounds 29.
Born on November 5
1855: Eugene V. Debs, American Socialist leader and first president of the American Railway Union.
1885: Will Durant, historian and author.
1913: Vivien Leigh, British actress famous for her role as Scarlett O’Hara in “Gone With the Wind.”
1918: George Sheehan, cardiologist well known for his book “Running and Being.”
1942: Art Garfunkel, American singer, one half of Simon and Garfunkel.
1943: Sam Shepard, American playwright and actor.
1945: Peter Pace, first U.S. Marine Corps general appointed to serve as chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
1946: Gram Parsons, influential singer, songwriter, guitarist; member of The Byrds, The Flying Burrito Brothers and International Submarine Band.
1947: Peter Noone, singer, songwriter, musician, best known as Herman of Herman’s Hermits.
1948: William Daniel Phillips, shared 1997 Nobel Prize in Physics for his contributions to laser cooling, including his invention of the Zeeman slower technique for slowing the movement of gaseous atoms.
1963: Tatum O’Neal, actress; youngest person ever to win a competitive Academy award, for her performance at age 10 in “Paper Moon” (1973).
1973: Peter Emmerich, illustrator; in 2001 created the iconic “Mickey Salutes America” image featuring Walt Disney’s Mickey Mouse.
1987: Kevin Jonas II, musician, actor; oldest member of the pop rock group Jonas Brothers.