1397: John of Gaunt marries Katherine Rouet.
1846: President James Polk dispatches Gen. Zachary Taylor and 4,000 troops to the Texas Border as war with Mexico looms.
1862: President Abraham Lincoln names Edwin M. Stanton secretary of war.
1900: To combat Czech nationalism, Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria-Hungary decrees German the official language of the Imperial Army.
1919: California votes to ratify the prohibition amendment.
1923: Adolph Hitler denounces the Weimar Republic as 5,000 storm troopers demonstrate in Germany.
1927: A woman takes a seat on the NY Stock Exchange, breaking the all-male tradition.
1931: The bridge connecting New York and New Jersey is named the George Washington Memorial Bridge.
1937: The United States bars Americans from serving in the Civil War in Spain.
1943: Gen. Philippe Leclerc’s Free French forces merge with the British under Field Marshal Bernard Law Montgomery in Libya.
1944: Plants are destroyed and 64 U.S. aircraft are lost in an air attack in Germany.
1945: The Red Army opens an offensive in South Poland, crashing 25 miles through the German lines.
1947: British troops replace striking truck drivers.
1955: Chase National and the Bank of Manhattan agree to merge, resulting in the second largest U.S. bank.
1965: Two U.S. planes are shot down in Laos while on a combat mission.
1968: U.S. reports shifting most air targets from North Vietnam to Laos.
1976: Argentina ousts a British envoy in dispute over the Falkland Islands.
1980: The United States offers Pakistan a two-year aid plan to counter the Soviet threat in Afghanistan.
1982: Air Florida Flight 90, a Boeing 737 jet, crashes into Washington, D.C.’s 14th Street Bridge shortly after takeoff, then plunges into the Potomac River; 78 people, including four motorists, are killed.
1990: In Virginia, Douglas Wilder, the first African American elected governor of a U.S. state, takes office.
Born on January 13
1808: Salmon P. Chase, U.S. treasury secretary, sixth chief justice of the Supreme Court.
1832: Horatio Alger Jr., American children’s author (“Ragged Dick,” “Tattered Tom”).
1919: Robert Stack, actor; portrayed Elliot Ness in TV series “The Untouchables.”
1926: Michael Bond, author, best known for his series of Paddington Bear children’s books.
1929: Joe Pass, considered one of the greatest jazz guitarists of the 20th century.
1961: Julia Louis-Dreyfus, actress, producer (“Seinfeld” TV series)