January 13

1397: John of Gaunt marries Katherine Rouet.

1846: President James Polk dispatches Gen. Zachary Taylor and 4,000 troops to the Texas Border as war with Mexico looms.

1862: President Abraham Lincoln names Edwin M. Stanton secretary of war.

1900: To combat Czech nationalism, Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria-Hungary decrees German the official language of the Imperial Army.

1919: California votes to ratify the prohibition amendment.

1923: Adolph Hitler denounces the Weimar Republic as 5,000 storm troopers demonstrate in Germany.

1927: A woman takes a seat on the NY Stock Exchange, breaking the all-male tradition.

1931: The bridge connecting New York and New Jersey is named the George Washington Memorial Bridge.

1937: The United States bars Americans from serving in the Civil War in Spain.

1943: Gen. Philippe Leclerc’s Free French forces merge with the British under Field Marshal Bernard Law Montgomery in Libya.

1944: Plants are destroyed and 64 U.S. aircraft are lost in an air attack in Germany.

1945: The Red Army opens an offensive in South Poland, crashing 25 miles through the German lines.

1947: British troops replace striking truck drivers.

1955: Chase National and the Bank of Manhattan agree to merge, resulting in the second largest U.S. bank.

1965: Two U.S. planes are shot down in Laos while on a combat mission.

1968: U.S. reports shifting most air targets from North Vietnam to Laos.

1976: Argentina ousts a British envoy in dispute over the Falkland Islands.

1980: The United States offers Pakistan a two-year aid plan to counter the Soviet threat in Afghanistan.

1982: Air Florida Flight 90, a Boeing 737 jet, crashes into Washington, D.C.’s 14th Street Bridge shortly after takeoff, then plunges into the Potomac River; 78 people, including four motorists, are killed.

1990: In Virginia, Douglas Wilder, the first African American elected governor of a U.S. state, takes office.

Born on January 13

1808: Salmon P. Chase, U.S. treasury secretary, sixth chief justice of the Supreme Court.

1832: Horatio Alger Jr., American children’s author (“Ragged Dick,” “Tattered Tom”).

1919: Robert Stack, actor; portrayed Elliot Ness in TV series “The Untouchables.”

1926: Michael Bond, author, best known for his series of Paddington Bear children’s books.

1929: Joe Pass, considered one of the greatest jazz guitarists of the 20th century.

1961: Julia Louis-Dreyfus, actress, producer (“Seinfeld” TV series)

Johnson Newspapers 7.1

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