December 10

1258: Hulagu, a Mongol leader, seizes Baghdad, bringing an end to the Abbasid caliphate.

1620: Supporters of Marie de Medici, the queen mother, who has been exiled to Blois, are defeated by the king’s troops at Ponts de Ce, France.

1763: The Treaty of Paris ends the French-Indian War. France gives up all her territories in the New World except New Oreans and a few scattered islands.

1799: Napoleon Bonaparte leaves Cairo, Egypt, for Syria, at the head of 13,000 men.

1814: Napoleon personally directs lightning strikes against enemy columns advancing toward Paris, beginning with a victory over the Russians at Champaubert.

1840: Queen Victoria marries Prince Albert.

1846: Led by religious leader Brigham Young, the first Mormons begin a long westward exodus from Nauvoo, Illinois, to Utah.

1863: P.T. Barnum’s star midgets, Tom Thumb and Lavinia Warren, are married.

1904: Russia and Japan declare war on each other.

1915: President Wilson blasts the British for using the U.S. flag on merchant ships to deceive the Germans.

1939: The Japanese occupy island of Hainan in French Indochina.

1941: Iceland is attacked by German planes.

1941: London severs diplomatic relations with Romania.

1942: The war halts civilian car production at Ford.

1945: B-29s hit the Tokyo area.

1955: Bell Aircraft displays a fixed-wing vertical takeoff plane.

1960: Adolph Coors, the beer brewer, is kidnapped in Golden, Colorado.

1966: Protester David Miller is convicted of burning his draft card.

1979: The Metropolitan Museum announces the first major theft in its 110-year history, a $150,000 Greek marble head.

1986: The largest Mafia trial in history, with 474 defendants, opens in Palermo, Italy.

Born on December 10

1890: Boris Pasternak, Russian novelist and poet (“Dr. Zhivago”).

1893: Jimmy Durante, American comedian and film actor.

1894: Harold MacMillan, British prime minister (1957-1963).

1897: John F. Enders, virologist.

1898: Bertolt Brecht, German poet and dramatist (“The Threepenny Opera”).

1901: Stella Adler, actress and teacher.

1902: Walter Brattain, physicist, one of the inventors of the transistor.

1910: Dominique Georges Pire, Belgian cleric and educator.

1914: Larry Adler, harmonica virtuoso.

1920: Alex Comfort, English physician and author (“Joy of Sex”).

1927: (Mary Violet) Leontyne Price, opera singer.

Johnson Newspapers 7.1

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