1258: Hulagu, a Mongol leader, seizes Baghdad, bringing an end to the Abbasid caliphate.
1620: Supporters of Marie de Medici, the queen mother, who has been exiled to Blois, are defeated by the king’s troops at Ponts de Ce, France.
1763: The Treaty of Paris ends the French-Indian War. France gives up all her territories in the New World except New Oreans and a few scattered islands.
1799: Napoleon Bonaparte leaves Cairo, Egypt, for Syria, at the head of 13,000 men.
1814: Napoleon personally directs lightning strikes against enemy columns advancing toward Paris, beginning with a victory over the Russians at Champaubert.
1840: Queen Victoria marries Prince Albert.
1846: Led by religious leader Brigham Young, the first Mormons begin a long westward exodus from Nauvoo, Illinois, to Utah.
1863: P.T. Barnum’s star midgets, Tom Thumb and Lavinia Warren, are married.
1904: Russia and Japan declare war on each other.
1915: President Wilson blasts the British for using the U.S. flag on merchant ships to deceive the Germans.
1939: The Japanese occupy island of Hainan in French Indochina.
1941: Iceland is attacked by German planes.
1941: London severs diplomatic relations with Romania.
1942: The war halts civilian car production at Ford.
1945: B-29s hit the Tokyo area.
1955: Bell Aircraft displays a fixed-wing vertical takeoff plane.
1960: Adolph Coors, the beer brewer, is kidnapped in Golden, Colorado.
1966: Protester David Miller is convicted of burning his draft card.
1979: The Metropolitan Museum announces the first major theft in its 110-year history, a $150,000 Greek marble head.
1986: The largest Mafia trial in history, with 474 defendants, opens in Palermo, Italy.
Born on December 10
1890: Boris Pasternak, Russian novelist and poet (“Dr. Zhivago”).
1893: Jimmy Durante, American comedian and film actor.
1894: Harold MacMillan, British prime minister (1957-1963).
1897: John F. Enders, virologist.
1898: Bertolt Brecht, German poet and dramatist (“The Threepenny Opera”).
1901: Stella Adler, actress and teacher.
1902: Walter Brattain, physicist, one of the inventors of the transistor.
1910: Dominique Georges Pire, Belgian cleric and educator.
1914: Larry Adler, harmonica virtuoso.
1920: Alex Comfort, English physician and author (“Joy of Sex”).
1927: (Mary Violet) Leontyne Price, opera singer.