363: Roman Emperor Julian dies, ending the Pagan Revival.
1096: Peter the Hermit’s crusaders force their way across Sava, Hungary.
1243: The Seljuk Turkish army in Asia Minor is wiped out by the Mongols.
1541: Former followers murder Francisco Pizarro, the Spanish conqueror of Peru.
1794: The French defeat an Austrian army at the Battle of Fleurus.
1804: The Lewis and Clark Expedition reaches the mouth of the Kansas River after completing a westward trek of nearly 400 river miles.
1844: Julia Gardiner and President John Tyler are married in New York City.
1862: Gen. Robert E. Lee attacks George McClellan’s line at Mechanicsville during the Seven Days’ campaign.
1863: Jubal Early and his Confederate forces move into Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.
1900: The United States announces it will send troops to fight against the Boxer Rebellion in China.
1907: Russia’s nobility demands drastic measures be taken against revolutionaries.
1908: Shah Muhammad Ali’s forces squelch the reform elements of Parliament in Persia.
1916: Russian Gen. Aleksei Brusilov renews his offensive against the Germans.
1917: Gen. John “Black Jack” Pershing arrives in France with the American Expeditionary Force.
1918: The Germans begin firing their huge 420 mm howitzer, “Big Bertha,” at Paris.
1924: After eight years of occupation, American troops leave the Dominican Republic.
1926: A memorial to the first U.S. troops in France is unveiled at St. Nazaire.
1942: The Grumman F6F Hellcat fighter flies for the first time.
1945: The U.N. Charter is signed by 50 nations in San Francisco, California.
1951: The Soviet Union proposes a cease-fire in the Korean War.
1961: A Kuwaiti vote opposes Iraq’s annexation plans.
1963: President John Kennedy announces “Ich bin ein Berliner” at the Berlin Wall.
1971: The U.S. Justice Department issues a warrant for Daniel Ellsberg, accusing him of giving away the Pentagon Papers.
1975: Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi is convicted of election fraud.
1993: Roy Campanella, legendary catcher for the Negro Leagues and the Los Angeles Dodgers, dies.
Born on June 26
1742: Arthur Middleton, signer of the Declaration of Independence.
1819: Abner Doubleday, Civil War general.
1892: Pearl S. Buck, American novelist (“The Good Earth”).
1893: William “Big Bill” Broonzy, blues singer and guitarist.
1898: Wilhelm Emil Messerschmitt, German engineer.
1902: William P. Lear, American engineer and industrialist.
1904: Peter Lorre, film actor (“Casablanca,” “M”).
1909: Tom Parker, Elvis Presley’s manager.
1914: Laurie Lee, British writer (“Cider with Rosie”).
1915: Charlotte Zolotow, American children’s writer.
1931: Colin Henry Wilson, British author (“The Outsider”).