1681: The Treaty of Radzin ends a five year war between the Turks and the allied countries of Russia and Poland.
1745: England, Austria, Saxony and the Netherlands form an alliance against Russia.
1815: A rag-tag army under Andrew Jackson defeats the British on the fields of Chalmette in the Battle of New Orleans.
1871: Prussian troops begin to bombard Paris during the Franco-Prussian War.
1892: A coal mine explosion kills 100 in McAlister, Oklahoma.
1900: The Boers attack the British in Ladysmith, South Africa, but are turned back.
1908: A subway line opens linking the New York boroughs of Brooklyn and Manhattan.
1940: Great Britain begins rationing sugar, meat and butter.
1946: President Harry S. Truman vows to stand by the Yalta accord on self-determination for the Balkans.
1954: President Dwight Eisenhower proposes stripping convicted Communists of their U.S. citizenship.
1963: President John F. Kennedy attends the unveiling of the Mona Lisa.
1975: Ella T. Grasso becomes governor of Connecticut, the first female governor in the U.S. who did not come into office by succeeding her husband.
1979: The United States advises the shah to leave Iran.
1982: AT&T agrees to divest 22 subdivisions as part of an antitrust agreement.
1994: Valeri Polyakov, a Russian cosmonaut leaves earth, bound for the Mir space station; he will spend a record 437 days in space.
2002: U.S. President George W. Bush signs into law the No Child Left Behind Act, intended to improve America’s educational system.
2004: The largest passenger ship in history, the RMS Queen Mary 2, is christened by Queen Elizabeth II, granddaughter of Queen Mary.
2011: An attempted assassination of Arizona Rep. Gabrielle Giffords is part of a shooting spree in which Jared Lee Loughner kills 6 and wounds 13.
Born on January 8
1587: Johannes Fabricus, astronomer who discovered sunspots.
1786: Nicholas Biddle, head of the first United States bank.
1862: Frank Nelson Doubleday, founder of Doubleday publishing house.
1935: Elvis Presley, rock ‘n roll singer, actor in over 30 films.
1938: Bob Eubanks, popular U.S. TV game show host (“The Newlywed Game”).
1941: Graham Chapman, comedian, actor, member of the Monty Python group.
1947: David Bowie, singer, songwriter, producer, actor (“Starman,” “Labyrinth”).
2011: Princess Josephine of Denmark, Countess of Monpezat (Josephine Sophia Ivalo Mathilda), and Prince Vincent of Denmark, Count of Monpezat (Vincent Frederik Minik Alexander).