December 14

1799: George Washington dies on his Mount Vernon estate.

1819: Alabama is admitted as the 22nd state, making 11 slave states and 11 free states.

1861: Prince Albert of England, one of the Union’s strongest advocates, dies.

1863: Confederate Gen. James Longstreet attacks Union troops at Bean’s Station, Tennessee.

1900: Max Planck presents the quantum theory at the Physics Society in Berlin.

1906: The first U1 submarine is brought into service in Germany.

1908: The first truly representative Turkish Parliament opens.

1909: A labor conference in Pittsburgh ends with a “declaration of war” on U.S. Steel.

1911: Roald Amundsen and four others discover the South Pole.

1920: The League of Nations creates a credit system to aid Europe.

1939: The League of Nations drops the Soviet Union from its membership.

1941: German Field Marshal Wilhelm Keitel orders the construction of defensive positions along the European coastline.

1946: The United Nations adopts a disarmament resolution prohibiting the atomic bomb.

1949: Bulgarian ex-Premier Traicho Kostov is sentenced to die for treason in Sofia.

1960: A U.S. Boeing B-52 bomber sets a 10,000-mile nonstop record without refueling.

1980: NATO warns the Soviets to stay out of the internal affairs of Poland, saying that intervention would effectively destroy the détente between the East and West.

1981: Israel’s Knesset passes the Golan Heights Law, extending Israeli law to the Golan Heights area.

1994: Construction begins on China’s Three Gorges Dam on the Yangtze River.

1995: The Dayton Agreement is signed in Paris; it establishes a general framework for ending the Bosnian War between Bosnia and Herzegovina.

1999: Tens of thousands die as a result of flash floods caused by torrential rains in Vargas, Venezuela.

2003: Pervez Musharraf, president of Pakistan, narrowly escapes an assassination attempt.

2004: The Millau Viaduct, the world’s tallest bridge, official opens near Millau, France.

2008: Iraqi broadcast journalist Muntadhar al-Zaidi throws his shoes at U.S. President George W. Bush during a press conference in Baghdad.

2012: At Sandy Hook Elementary School, Newtown, Connecticut, 20 children and six adults are shot to death by a 20-year-old gunman who then commits suicide.

Born on December 14

1503: Nostradamus [Michel de Nostredame], French astrologer and physician.

1546: Tycho Brahe, Danish astronomer.

1585: Henry IV, the first Bourbon king of France.

1795: John Bloomfield Jarvis, civil engineer.

1822: John Christie, English patron of music.

1866: Roger Fry, English art critic.

1896: James H. Doolittle, American Air Force general who commanded the first bombing mission over Japan.

1916: Shirley Jackson, novelist and short story writer (“Life Among Savages,” “The Lottery”).

1917: June Taylor, choreographer, founder of the June Taylor Dancers featured on Jackie Gleason’s TV programs.

1918: James Thomas Aubrey Jr., TV and film executive; president of CBS television (1959–1965).

1922: Don Hewitt, TV producer; creator of “60 Minutes.”

1922: Junior J. Spurrier, received Medal of Honor for his actions in capturing Achain, France.

1925: Sam Jones (“Sad Sam” “Toothpick” Jones), pro baseball player; first African American pitcher to throw a no-hitter in integrated baseball game.

1932L Charlie Rich, crossover country singer, musician (“Behind Closed Doors”).

1935: Lee Remick, actress (“Days of Wine and Roses,” “The Omen”).

1939: Ernie Davis, first African American to win Heisman Trophy (Syracuse University); subject of “The Express” movie (2008).

1943: Emmett Tyrell, journalist, author, publisher; founded The American Spectator magazine.

1946: Patty Duke, actress, singer; won Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress at age 16, playing Helen Keller in “The Miracle Worker”; president of Screen Actors Guild (1985-88).

1955: Spider Stacy (Peter Stacy), singer, songwriter, musician with The Pogues band.

1966: Anthony Mason, pro basketball player.

1972: Miranda Hart, comedian, actress, writer (“Miranda Hart’s Joke Shop” on BBC Radio 2 and its spinoff BBC sitcom TV series “Miranda”).

Johnson Newspapers 7.1

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