1014: The Byzantine Emperor Basil earns the title “Slayer of Bulgers” after he orders the blinding of 15,000 Bulgerian troops.
1536: William Tyndale, the English translator of the New Testament, is strangled and burned at the stake for heresy at Vilvorde, France.
1696: Savoy Germany withdraws from the Grand Alliance.
1788: The Polish Diet decides to hold a four-year session.
1801: Napoleon Bonaparte imposes a new constitution on Holland.
1847: Charlotte Bronte’s novel “Jane Eyre” is published in London.
1866: The Reno brothers –– Frank, John, Simeon and William –– commit the country’s first train robbery near Seymore, Indiana, netting $10,000.
1927: The first “talkie,” “The Jazz Singer,” opens with popular entertainer Al Jolson singing and dancing in black-face. By 1930, silent movies were a thing of the past.
1941: German troops renew their offensive against Moscow.
1965: Patricia Harris takes post as U.S. ambassador to Belgium, becoming the first African American U.S. ambassador.
1966: Hanoi insists the United States must end its bombings before peace talks can begin.
1969: Special Forces Capt. John McCarthy is released from Fort Leavenworth Penitentiary pending consideration of his appeal to murder charges.
1973: Israel is taken by surprise when Egypt, Syria, Iraq and Jordan attack on the Jewish holy day of Yom Kippur, beginning the Yom Kippur War.
1981: Egyptian President Anwar el-Sadat is assassinated in Cairo by Islamic fundamentalists. He is succeeded by Vice President Hosni Mubarak.
1987: Fiji becomes a republic independent of the British Commonwealth.
1995: Astronomers discover 51 Pegasi is the second star known to have a planet orbiting it.
2000: Yugoslavia’s President Slobodan Milosevic and Argentina’s Vice President Carlos Alvarez both resign from their respective offices.
2007: Explorer and author Jason Lewis becomes the first person to complete a human-powered circumnavigation of the globe.
Born on October 6
1820: Jenny Lind, soprano known as the “Swedish Nightingale.”
1846: George Westinghouse, prolific inventor, held over 100 patents on creations including air brakes for trains.
1887: Le Corbusier (Charles-Édouard Jeanneret), Swiss-born French architect and city planner.
1895: Caroline Gordon, writer (“The Strange Children”).
1906: Janet Gaynor, film actress.
1908: Sammy Price, jazz pianist.
1908: Carol Lombard, American comediennne and actress.
1914: Thor Heyerdahl, Norwegian anthropologist and explorer.
1917: Fannie Lou Hamer, U.S. civil rights advocate; became vice-chair of the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party.
1931: Riccardo Giacconi, Italian astrophysicist ; won Nobel Prize in Astrophysics for his pioneering contributions that led to the discovery of cosmic X-ray sources.
1948: Gerry Adams, Irish politician who was an important figure in Northern Ireland’s peace process; president of Sinn Fein, Northern Ireland’s second-largest political party, 1983-2018.